Saturday, 27 August 2011


Expressions adalah beberapa jenis ungkapan yang lazim dipakai dalam berkomunikasi atau percakapan.

1. Introduction
􀂷 I’d like to introduce myself, ______
􀂷 Let me introduce myself, ______
􀂷 Allow me to introduce myself, ______
􀂷 Let me introduce you to ______
􀂷 This is ______
2. Greeting and Leave –Taking
(Selamat / Bertemu dan Berpisah)
􀂷 How do you do ?
􀂷 How are you ?
􀂷 How are you doing ?
􀂷 How is life ?
􀂷 It is nice to meet you
􀂷 I am very happy to meet you
􀂷 Hello
􀂷 Hi
􀂷 Good morning, afternoon, evening, night
􀂷 Good bye
􀂷 See you later
􀂷 See you soon
􀂷 Cheerio
3. Gratitude and Appreciation
(Terima Kasih dan Penghargaan)
􀂷 Thank you
􀂷 Thank you very much
􀂷 It is very kind of you
􀂷 Congratulation
􀂷 Congratulation on ______
􀂷 Happy ______
􀂷 Have a nice ______
􀂷 Good luck
4. Apology
(Permintaan Maaf)
􀂷 I am sorry
􀂷 I don’t mean to ______
􀂷 Forgive me
􀂷 I hope you forgive me
5. Ability and Disability
(Mampu dan Tidak Mampu)
􀂷 Yes, I can
􀂷 No, I can’t
􀂷 Yes, I am able to ______
􀂷 No, I am not able to ______
􀂷 I think I am able to ______
􀂷 I think I am unable to ______
􀂷 I can’t, I’m afraid

6. Certainty and Uncertainty
(Yakin/Pasti dan Tidak Yakin/Tidak Pasti)
􀂷 I am sure
􀂷 I am not sure
􀂷 I am certain
􀂷 I am not certain
􀂷 I doubt that
􀂷 I can’t decide
􀂷 I don’t know
7. Agreement and Disagreement
(Setuju dan Tidak Setuju)
􀂷 I agree
􀂷 I disagree
􀂷 I absolutely agree
􀂷 I think so
􀂷 I don’t think so
􀂷 You are absolutely right
􀂷 You are right, but ______
8. Like and Dislike
(Suka dan Tidak Suka)
􀂷 I like it
􀂷 I love it
􀂷 I’m very keen on ______
􀂷 I don’t like it
􀂷 I hate it
9. Opinion
􀂷 What do you think of ______
􀂷 I think ______
􀂷 Let’s talk about it
􀂷 I wonder ______
􀂷 Give me comments or suggestions, please
10. Asking and Offering
(Meminta dan Menawarkan)
􀂷 Excuse me, May I ______ ?
􀂷 Do you mind ______
􀂷 Would you please ______
􀂷 Would you help me, please ?
􀂷 What can I do for you, _____?
11. Command and Prohibition
(Perintah dan Larangan)
􀂷 Pay attention, please!
􀂷 Listen to me!
􀂷 Keep the room clean!
􀂷 Let’s go!
􀂷 Be on time!
􀂷 Be a good student!
􀂷 Don’t move, please!
􀂷 Don’t go away!
􀂷 Don’t worry!
􀂷 Don’t be late!
􀂷 No talking, please!
􀂷 No smoking!
􀂷 No parking in this area!
12. Warning
􀂷 Watch out !
􀂷 Be aware of ______ !
􀂷 Be careful !
13. Preference
(Lebih Suka / Pilihan)
􀂷 I like ______ better than ______
􀂷 I prefer ______ to ______
􀂷 I would rather ______ than ______
14. Exclamation
􀂷 What a wonderful world !
􀂷 What a beautiful girl !
􀂷 How beautiful she is !
􀂷 How big the ship is !
􀂷 It is great !
􀂷 Excellent !
15. Sympathy
(Ikut bersimpati)
􀂷 Take it easy
􀂷 Don’t worry, everything will be all right
􀂷 What a pity
􀂷 I am sorry to hear that
􀂷 Poor you

1. Shopkeeper : So, are you going to buy this gas stove?
Customer : Yes, but ______.
Shopkeeper : Please don’t worry about it. I believe that it will satisfy you. It has a three – year
(UN 2006/P1)
A. I’m certain the quality is good
B. there ‘s no doubt about the quality
C. I’m not sure about the quality
D. I can’t decide if it is good
PEMBAHASAN: Customer jadi membeli kompor gas (gas stove), tapi masih ragu. Kemudian Shopkeeper berkata “Jangan khawatir”. Maka ungkapan Customer adalah ungkapan merasa tidak yakin (uncertainty), yaitu: “I’m not sure about the quality” (Saya tidak yakin terhadap kualitasnya).
2. Lia : Oh, my wallet has been stolen.
Uti : ______. How did it happen?
Lia : Maybe a pickpocket took it when I was on the bus. (UN 2005/P1)
A. That’s a good idea
B. That would be nice
C. That’s great
D. What a pity

PEMBAHASAN: Lia berkata bahwa dompetnya telah dicuri. Maka ungkapan yang tepat adalah‘sympathy’, yaitu ‘What a pity’ (oh kasihan / sayang sekali).
3. Student : It seems to me that you are having trouble taking those books. Let me help you, Sir.
Teacher : Oh, ______ (UN 2005/P1)
A. can you help me?
B. that’s very kind of you
C. it’s none of your business
D. why don’t you bring these books
PEMBAHASAN: Siswa menawarkan bantuan. Maka ungkapan yang tepat dari Guru adalah ungkapan ‘gratitude/appreciation’, yaitu: ‘that’s very kind of you’ (Anda sangat baik).
4. Father : I’ve got a headache. ______
Mother : Certainly. Here it is.
Father : Thanks. (UN 2003/P2)
A. Can you get me an aspirin, please?
B. Will you take me to a doctor, please?
C. Will you help me hold my head?
D. Do you have time to help me?
PEMBAHASAN: Situasi dialog adalah Ayah sedang sakit kepala. Untuk menentukan kalimat Ayah yang kedua, perhatikan jawaban Ibu: ‘Certainly. Here it is’ (Tentu saja. Ini.). Berarti Ibu mengambilkan Ayah sesuatu. Maka ungkapan yang diucapkan oleh Ayah adalah ‘asking’, yaitu: ‘Can you get me an aspirin, please?’ (Bisakah kamu mengambilkan saya aspirin?).
5. Jane : When will you go back to Indonesia?
Rudi : ______. It depends on my study. (UN 2004/P2)
A. I’m sure
B. I’m not certain
C. I absolutely believe
D. I don’t understand
PEMBAHASAN: Perhatikan kalimat Rudi yang kedua: ‘It depends on my study’ (tergantung pada studi-ku). Berarti Rudi merasa tidak yakin atau merasa tidak pasti. Maka kalimat Rudi yang pertama ialah‘uncertainty’: ‘I’m not certain’.
6. Doni : How did you travel to Surabaya?
Santi : By “Argo Bromo” train. It’s a very good train. It took me just nine hours.
Doni : ______ (UN 2004/P2)
A. What train is it?
B. What a fast train!
C. How fast is the train?
D. How good the train is.
PEMBAHASAN: Isi percakapan tersebut menyiratkan Kereta Api “Argo Bromo” adalah kereta api cepat. Maka ungkapan Doni adalah ‘exclamation’, yaitu: ‘What a fast train!’ (Wow, betul-betul kereta api yang cepat!atau Alangkah cepatnya kereta api itu!). Ingat, salah satu ciri ‘exclamation’ adalah selalu diakhiri dengan tanda seru.

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