Saturday, 27 August 2011


Expressions adalah beberapa jenis ungkapan yang lazim dipakai dalam berkomunikasi atau percakapan.

1. Introduction
�� I’d like to introduce myself, ______
�� Let me introduce myself, ______
�� Allow me to introduce myself, ______
�� Let me introduce you to ______
�� This is ______
2. Greeting and Leave –Taking
(Selamat / Bertemu dan Berpisah)
�� How do you do ?
�� How are you ?
�� How are you doing ?
�� How is life ?
�� It is nice to meet you
�� I am very happy to meet you
�� Hello
�� Hi
�� Good morning, afternoon, evening, night
�� Good bye
�� See you later
�� See you soon
�� Cheerio
3. Gratitude and Appreciation
(Terima Kasih dan Penghargaan)
�� Thank you
�� Thank you very much
�� It is very kind of you
�� Congratulation
�� Congratulation on ______
�� Happy ______
�� Have a nice ______
�� Good luck
4. Apology
(Permintaan Maaf)
�� I am sorry
�� I don’t mean to ______
�� Forgive me
�� I hope you forgive me
5. Ability and Disability
(Mampu dan Tidak Mampu)
�� Yes, I can
�� No, I can’t
�� Yes, I am able to ______
�� No, I am not able to ______
�� I think I am able to ______
�� I think I am unable to ______
�� I can’t, I’m afraid

6. Certainty and Uncertainty
(Yakin/Pasti dan Tidak Yakin/Tidak Pasti)
�� I am sure
�� I am not sure
�� I am certain
�� I am not certain
�� I doubt that
�� I can’t decide
�� I don’t know
7. Agreement and Disagreement
(Setuju dan Tidak Setuju)
�� I agree
�� I disagree
�� I absolutely agree
�� I think so
�� I don’t think so
�� You are absolutely right
�� You are right, but ______
8. Like and Dislike
(Suka dan Tidak Suka)
�� I like it
�� I love it
�� I’m very keen on ______
�� I don’t like it
�� I hate it
9. Opinion
�� What do you think of ______
�� I think ______
�� Let’s talk about it
�� I wonder ______
�� Give me comments or suggestions, please
10. Asking and Offering
(Meminta dan Menawarkan)
�� Excuse me, May I ______ ?
�� Do you mind ______
�� Would you please ______
�� Would you help me, please ?
�� What can I do for you, _____?
11. Command and Prohibition
(Perintah dan Larangan)
�� Pay attention, please!
�� Listen to me!
�� Keep the room clean!
�� Let’s go!
�� Be on time!
�� Be a good student!
�� Don’t move, please!
�� Don’t go away!
�� Don’t worry!
�� Don’t be late!
�� No talking, please!
�� No smoking!
�� No parking in this area!
12. Warning
�� Watch out !
�� Be aware of ______ !
�� Be careful !
13. Preference
(Lebih Suka / Pilihan)
�� I like ______ better than ______
�� I prefer ______ to ______
�� I would rather ______ than ______
14. Exclamation
�� What a wonderful world !
�� What a beautiful girl !
�� How beautiful she is !
�� How big the ship is !
�� It is great !
�� Excellent !
15. Sympathy
(Ikut bersimpati)
�� Take it easy
�� Don’t worry, everything will be all right
�� What a pity
�� I am sorry to hear that
�� Poor you

1. Shopkeeper : So, are you going to buy this gas stove?
Customer : Yes, but ______.
Shopkeeper : Please don’t worry about it. I believe that it will satisfy you. It has a three – year
(UN 2006/P1)
A. I’m certain the quality is good
B. there ‘s no doubt about the quality
C. I’m not sure about the quality
D. I can’t decide if it is good
PEMBAHASAN: Customer jadi membeli kompor gas (gas stove), tapi masih ragu. Kemudian Shopkeeper berkata “Jangan khawatir”. Maka ungkapan Customer adalah ungkapan merasa tidak yakin (uncertainty), yaitu: “I’m not sure about the quality” (Saya tidak yakin terhadap kualitasnya).
2. Lia : Oh, my wallet has been stolen.
Uti : ______. How did it happen?
Lia : Maybe a pickpocket took it when I was on the bus. (UN 2005/P1)
A. That’s a good idea
B. That would be nice
C. That’s great
D. What a pity

PEMBAHASAN: Lia berkata bahwa dompetnya telah dicuri. Maka ungkapan yang tepat adalah‘sympathy’, yaitu ‘What a pity’ (oh kasihan / sayang sekali).
3. Student : It seems to me that you are having trouble taking those books. Let me help you, Sir.
Teacher : Oh, ______ (UN 2005/P1)
A. can you help me?
B. that’s very kind of you
C. it’s none of your business
D. why don’t you bring these books
PEMBAHASAN: Siswa menawarkan bantuan. Maka ungkapan yang tepat dari Guru adalah ungkapan ‘gratitude/appreciation’, yaitu: ‘that’s very kind of you’ (Anda sangat baik).
4. Father : I’ve got a headache. ______
Mother : Certainly. Here it is.
Father : Thanks. (UN 2003/P2)
A. Can you get me an aspirin, please?
B. Will you take me to a doctor, please?
C. Will you help me hold my head?
D. Do you have time to help me?
PEMBAHASAN: Situasi dialog adalah Ayah sedang sakit kepala. Untuk menentukan kalimat Ayah yang kedua, perhatikan jawaban Ibu: ‘Certainly. Here it is’ (Tentu saja. Ini.). Berarti Ibu mengambilkan Ayah sesuatu. Maka ungkapan yang diucapkan oleh Ayah adalah ‘asking’, yaitu: ‘Can you get me an aspirin, please?’ (Bisakah kamu mengambilkan saya aspirin?).
5. Jane : When will you go back to Indonesia?
Rudi : ______. It depends on my study. (UN 2004/P2)
A. I’m sure
B. I’m not certain
C. I absolutely believe
D. I don’t understand
PEMBAHASAN: Perhatikan kalimat Rudi yang kedua: ‘It depends on my study’ (tergantung pada studi-ku). Berarti Rudi merasa tidak yakin atau merasa tidak pasti. Maka kalimat Rudi yang pertama ialah‘uncertainty’: ‘I’m not certain’.
6. Doni : How did you travel to Surabaya?
Santi : By “Argo Bromo” train. It’s a very good train. It took me just nine hours.
Doni : ______ (UN 2004/P2)
A. What train is it?
B. What a fast train!
C. How fast is the train?
D. How good the train is.
PEMBAHASAN: Isi percakapan tersebut menyiratkan Kereta Api “Argo Bromo” adalah kereta api cepat. Maka ungkapan Doni adalah ‘exclamation’, yaitu: ‘What a fast train!’ (Wow, betul-betul kereta api yang cepat!atau Alangkah cepatnya kereta api itu!). Ingat, salah satu ciri ‘exclamation’ adalah selalu diakhiri dengan tanda seru.

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